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How can keep Family Happy and Healthy

Wednesday, September 21, 2016

The family is the basic unit of society and the maintenance of the healthy relationship is an important
subject for all human. Tips of family satisfaction are difficult to achieve in scientific theories. Family life is complex but I will try to illustrate some important tips that may help to achieve family satisfaction in the modern society.
One of the greatest desires of very individual is to be happy and satisfy in the world. Moreover, The happy family life plays an important role in helping the individual to achieve the goal of happiness and pleasure.

 6 Tips to Build Healthy and Happy Relations in Family

  • Communication

Happiness at home and in the family con not be   attained without communication.  Communication is an essential part of the maintenance of relationships within family life. It helps to develop a healthy relationship. However, understanding the communication in the family context is one the most confusing and complicates aspects.

What is communication?

Communication is the sharing of ideas, thoughts, and feelings among people

  • Expressing the Feeling and Ideas without any Hesitation

Sometimes person assumes that other people know his need, feelings, and opinions without telling them. This assumption can lead to feelings of loneliness, disappointment,and frustration.  It is important to understand that other family members don’t have any direct source to know about your needs, opinion and feeling without you.  A person should openly talk about his feelings and ideas with his parents and other family members.

  • Listening Carefully without any Accusing and Judging

Effective communication is not possible without listening. Encourage the people to talk that what’s the most important thing in their lives. Don’t show careless about listening, particularly in families. Listening need attention and respect for other’s idea and feeling.
  • Understanding of Others

If each person of the family does not respect the rights and feelings of other family members, this attitude can create a conflict in the home which alternately leads a breakdown of communication in the family.
  • Resolve Differences

It is important to make sure that every family member lives together in happy and harmony. The requirement of positive, energetic and honest communication is that the each person has an unlimited freedom to express his feelings and identify his problems which arise from day to day and find the solution. It si the best way to maintenance and improvement of healthy relationship

  • Support to Support to Others Family Members

The essence of maintenance and enhancement of family relationship is to provide supportive and positive behavior to each other in the family. Satisfaction in all family aspects may depend on sportive actions from every individual of the family in every field of life including financial and social condition.
  • Be Positive and Avoid Negative Behavior

Positive thinking plays a key role in building a happy relationship in the family. However, negative thinking leads to breakdown every relationship in the society.

It is important to remember that the build and maintain good relationship requires good communication, Expressing, listening, understanding and caring each other’s beliefs, values, and attitudes. Positive thinking and avoidance of negative behavior is a key factor which helps to improve powerful and healthy relation.

Symptoms of Child Sexual abuse in children

Monday, September 19, 2016

There are some important warning signs of CSA in children. Ii is the responsibility of parents/guardians and teachers to look carefully on their child behavioral change and activities. When these signs/symptoms will start to appear in their lives, it will be an alarming point of CSA.

20 Symptoms/ Signs of Child Sexual Abuse( CSA)

  1. Start to act unsuitable  sexual way.  He/she start sexual activities with children, toys, object etc
  2. Start to talk with sexually explicit language and information 
  3.  Start to increase  aggressive behavior such as anger
  4.  Sleep disorder
  5. Change in personality
  6.  Start to Increase insecure behaviors
  7. Eating disorder
  8. Lake of confidence that leads to fear in public and particular places or people and reduce the  usual social  activities
  9. Continue with usual social activities
  10. lack of concentration
  11. Becoming withdrawn or depressed
  12. Sexually transmitted diseases(STD)
  13. Isolation
  14. Feel  hesitation and shame in usual activities within relations
  15. Mostly become Anger
  16. Always feel insecurity
  17. Change in school routine and performance and lack of concentration
  18. Sexual transmitted diseases
  19. Vaginal and erectile problems
  20. Use of alcohol and drugs in early age 
When above symptoms appear in the child, the parent should pay attention to their child.  It is our duty to prevent children from child sexual abuse and provide them secure environment.

 The source book of this article, “The Seduction of Children, written by Christiane Sanderson  published  from Jessica Kingsley Publishers

What is the Child Sexual Abuse, Effects and Treatment Options

Saturday, September 17, 2016

Child sexual abuse is one of the serious societal problems in the modern word.  It is reported that the rate of the victims is approximately 15 to 20% of the female and 8 to 10% of the male in modern societies.[1]  It is necessary to pay attention to make progress toward its prevention and treatment. Moreover, child sexual abuse is clearly an issue which needs to understand for both male and female victims and their guardians.

What is The definition of  Child Sexual Abuse?

Child sexual abuse is “Typically includes unwanted and inappropriate sexual solicitation of, or exposure to, a child by an older person; genital touching or fondling; or penetration in terms of oral, anal or vaginal intercourse or attempted intercourse”._ [2]
This definition includes three categories:
1. Non-contact abuse
2. Touching or fondling and intercourse which contains oral, anal and vaginal intercourse
 3. The upper age of childhood is 18 years.
It is import to understand, in the most countries, 18 years of age is the legal cut-off used to define childhood, in most countries, especially for sexual activity. The most widely-reported definition of childhood in large population surveys of CSA is 18 years or less.

 What are the Effects of Child sexual abuse?

According to Studies  there are several short and long-term effects associated with the child sexual abuse including mental disorder, depression, panic disorder,  alcohol dependence, interpersonal problems physical health issues, suicide attempt, cognitive factors, conduct disorder, social anxiety ,brain development, aggressive behaviors[3][4] ,sexual difficulties and the lack of self esteem. [5]

5  Major Negative Effects of Child Sexual Abuse (CSA)

1. Interpersonal Relations

There are many recent  pieces of evidence that indicate children who have been sexually abused, thy mostly have interpersonal relationship issues. In addition, the fear of exposure and low self-esteem often create the aggressive behavior, sense of shame, confusing aspects and guilt in the abused child. [6] These negative attitudes can create several serious problems in the relationship. [7]

2. Physical health and overall developmental outcomes

Studies indicate that child sexual abuse may be linked to the variety of physical and overall health risk. It may lead to increasing the risk of having chronic pain, heart disease, chronic lung disease and headaches. Female victims of child sexual abuse were also at greater risk of sex-related health problems.

3. Link between CSA and sexual problems

There is strong relationship between child sexual abuse and sexual problems/ sexual dysfunction. CSA may lead to following sexual problems:
  • ·         Silence about sex
  • ·         Aggressive sexual behavior
  • ·         Confusion about sexual identity
  • ·         Create problem in Sexual orgasm and organs such  erection and vaginal problems
  • ·         Hesitation in lovemaking and sex
  • ·         Lack of sexual desire and interest
  • ·         Sexual dysfunctions
  • ·         Sexual arousal problems

 4. The link between CSA and mental health

There is an association between child sexual abuse and mental disorders have been established.[8]  
The primary effect of CSA is psychological effects including posttraumatic stress, painful emotions, All these effects can affect mental condition and mental growth.[9] Some significant mental issues which mostly related with CSA are below:

  • ·         Cognitive Distortions

 The children who are sexually abused are often negative. Many studies demonstrate that they feel helplessness, hopelessness, impaired trust, self-blame, and low self-esteem. These cognitive changes and thoughts mostly continue in adolescence and adulthood.

  • ·         Emotional Distress

It is well documented that there is the association between child sexual abuse and emotional pain.  Depression and anxiety and anger are the main reason of emotion distress.  

  • ·         Depression

Depression is the symptom of most who sexually abused in childhood.

  • ·         Anxiety

Anxiety has been associated with child victims of sexual abuse as well as also with the adult who was physically abused as children.

5.Suicide attempt and Child Sexual abuse

 Sexual abuse is associated with suicide attempt. Hopelessness and depressive attitude are strongly associated with sexual abuse that may lead to high suicide risk and attempt.

The Therapeutic Options of Child Sexual Abuse (CSA)

There are several clinics/ therapists that have effective behavioral programs and psychological approaches which can play a key role for the treatment of CSA. They apply some techniques and educational programs which help to reduce stress and normalize their emotions and aggressive behavioral reactions.  [10], [11]

5 Effective Therapies for Child Sexual Abuse Treatment

  • ·         Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)
  • ·         Trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy (TF-CBT),
  • ·         PTSD is a remaining effective therapy in CSA
  • ·         Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR)
  • ·         Play Therapy

Every sexual victim should be treating individually.  Many times victim needs the treatment of sexual problems. The physician and sexologist can diagnose his medical sexual problems and provide the best solutions to his sexual problem.

[1] Farrel Greenspan, Andreia G. Moretzsohn, Peter H. Silverstone, What Treatments are Available for Childhood Sexual Abuse, and How do They Compare?, International Journal of Advances in Psychology (IJAP) Volume 2 Issue 4, November 2013.
[2] Gavin Andrews, Justine Corry, Tim Slade, Cathy Issakidis and Heather Swanston, Child sexual abuse, Chapter 23, (www.who.int/publications/cra/chapters/)
[3] Judy Cashmore and Rita Shackel ,The long-term effects of child sexual abuse ,
[4] Andrews, Justine Corry, Tim Slade,Cathy Issakidis and Heather Swanston Child sexual abuse
[5] [5] Andrews, Justine Corry, Tim Slade,Cathy Issakidis and Heather Swanston Child sexual abuse
[6] Christiane Snderson, The Seduction of Children, Jessica Kingsley Publishers
London , 2005
[7] Gavin Andrews, Justine Corry, Tim Slade, Cathy Issakidis and Heather Swanston, Child sexual abuse, Chapter 23, (www.who.int/publications/cra/chapters/)
[8] Gavin Andrews, Justine Corry, Tim Slade, Cathy Issakidis and Heather Swanston, Child sexual abuse, Chapter 23, (www.who.int/publications/cra/chapters/)
[9] John N. Briere Diana M. Elliott, Immediate and Long-Term Impacts of Child Sexual Abuse
[10] B((John N. Briere Diana M. Elliott, Immediate and Long-Term Impacts of Child Sexual Abuse,)
enjamin E. Saunders, Ph.D., , Child Physical and Sexual Abuse: Guidelines for Treatment, National Crime Victims Research and the Treatment Center  Medical University of South Carolina Charleston, South Carolina ,2003.
[11] Farrel Greenspan, Andreia G. Moretzsohn, Peter H. Silverstone, What Treatments are Available for Childhood Sexual Abuse, and How do They Compare?, International Journal of Advances in Psychology (IJAP) Volume 2 Issue 4, November 2013.



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